There are advantages and disadvantages to both internal combustion (IC) and electric trucks.
Electric engines cost less to maintain over their lifetime because they require less maintenance. The battery must last at least five years if the manufacturer's maintenance and charging guidelines are followed. Overnight charging expenses are normally low. Electric trucks tend to be highly maneuverable and compact units, especially the three-wheel models. Drive, tilt, lift, acceleration and auxiliary speeds are adjustable and could be changed depending on the driver's preferences and the application. Electric trucks are easier on the natural environment and are quiet.
Electric trucks are not suitable for use in wet conditions. Due to the need for battery recharging, they cannot be utilized continuously. They are not suited to rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on ramp work and continuous high lifts.
IC engine diesel/LPG has the advantage of being best for continuous outdoor application and uneven surfaces. With no need for battery charging, the forklift can be used throughout the evening and overnight. Supply and transport of fuel has to be factored into expenses. Initial expenses are less than for an electric truck, but long term costs related to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have larger capacities than electric, but less adaptability. LPG can be utilized in several indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG produces higher emissions and more noise than electric. LPG has lower emissions than diesel.