Forklifts are used to transfer, lift and engage palletized loads in material handling, construction, manufacturing and warehousing applications. With manual-drive forklifts, the load or travel movement is either walk-behind or manually powered. Motorized drive forklifts have a motorized drive. In numerous models, the forklift has a protected cab or seat for the driver. Fork trucks include features like for example backup alarms, and cabs and are additionally motorized. Some models of forklifts are counterbalanced so as to prevent the vehicle from tipping over. Other kinds of forklifts come equipped with safety rails, or a rotating element such as a turntable or a hand rail.
The stroke and lift capacity are other factors that you must take into account when choosing a kind of forklift. Lift capacity is defined as the maximum, supportable force or load. Stroke is defined as the difference between fully lowered and fully raised lift positions.
Several of the other key specifications for the forklift are fuel type and tire type. The available fuel choices are: LP or liquid propane, natural gas, compressed natural gas or CNG, electricity, propane, diesel or gasoline.
For forklifts and fork trucks, there are two basic types of tires which can be utilized. They are: pneumatic and solid. The solid or cushion tires require less maintenance compared to pneumatic tires and do not puncture as easy. Air-inflated or pneumatic tires offer great drive traction and load-cushioning. At the end of the day, solid or cushion tires provide less shock absorption.
Class VII forklifts are generally designed to be used on rough terrain. These machines are normally utilized in construction, agriculture and in logging environments. Lastly, Class VIII forklifts include all personnel and burden carriers. Dual Fuel forklifts often fit in this class.