Des Moines is the most densely inhabited city and capital of Iowa in the United States. A tiny part of the city extends into Warren County and Des Moines forms the county seat of Polk County. On September 22, 1851, the city of Des Moines was incorporated as Fort Des Moines. During 1857, the name was shortened to "Des Moines," and was named after the Des Moines River. This name may have been adopted from the French RiviÃÂ¨re Des Moines, that literally means "River of the Monks." Based on the census of 2010, the population of the city proper was 203,433.
The city of Des Moines has become a vital centre for the insurance industry, publishing businesses, and financial services. An article in Business Wire, has shown that Des Moines has been voted as the "number one spot for insurance companies in the USA." The city is the headquarters for the Principal Financial Group, the Meredith Corporation, Ruan Transportation, Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield as well as EMC Insurance Companies. Various particularly huge companies such as Wells Fargo, ING Group, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Marsh, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company and Monsanto have operations within or near the metro Des Moines region. The reality is, almost 70 insurance corporations have their head office and many regional offices in the vicinity.
The city of Des Moines is a main part of Iowa's economic core with numerous jobs in the following sectors: agribusiness, manufacturing, healthcare, the government and wholesale and retail trade. The State of Iowa is among the main employers.
There are various big name businesses within the manufacturing sector, like for instance Rockwell Collins, Amana Appliances, Maytag and Pella. This industry has had a significant impact on the region's economy.
The fiber optics telecommunications industry is rapidly growing in the Des Moines area. The city is likewise home to different businesses which are actively involved in biotechnology research.
The region of Des Moines is likewise the center location of Iowa culture. It boasts a wide array of arts centers, performance events, museums and concerts. The Des Moines Arts Center houses a permanent collected works of major 21st, 19th and 20th century works of art within a modern structure. The Arts Center Downtown is an extension of the center. It offers various exciting and new exhibits showcased in an urban-inspired setting. There are more than 50 artists in Iowa featured in the Gortz Haus Gallery that is located within a church built with stone.
For numerous military enthusiasts, there is the Iowa Gold Star Military Museum. This facility honors the men and women who participated in wars and has artifacts from the Civil War to the present. The Des Moines Metro Opera provides educational and outreach programs. It is among the biggest organizations of its kind in Iowa State.